Dermatologist approved tips to help your skin Glow
It is normal for teens to worry about their looks and that includes their skincare. Also, we all know there's no shortage of tips or products out there to help teenagers. When some of these tips backfire, it can make your skin worse.
Our first tip is always to learn what type of skin you have, the best way to clean it, and how to choose products that won't trigger a breakout.
What's Your Skin Type?
The four main types are normal, dry, oily, and combination:
1. Normal Skin Care
Normal skin has an even, smooth skin tone; soft texture; and no visible blemishes, red spots, or flaky patches. Pores are barely visible, and the skin surface is neither greasy nor dry. Normal skin has few imperfections because of the balanced amount of water and oil and good blood circulation.
If your skin is normal, wash your face two to three times each day, with mild cleanser or plain soap and water, to remove dirt and sweat.
2. Dry Skin Care
Dry skin is dull, rough, scaly, and itchy, with almost invisible pores. Dry skin is usually caused by an abnormal shedding of cells from the skin's outer layer. In normal situations, lubrication from the body's natural oils helps to prevent water loss from the skin.
If you have dry skin, wash your face daily with a mild cleanser. This will help prevent your skin from becoming drier. Moisturize with a non-perfumed, non-alcohol-containing cream after washing.
Also, limit very hot showers, high temperatures, and low humidity, which rob your skin of moisture. Even using soap and excessive washing or scrubbing of the skin increases dryness. Many teenagers have drier skin during the winter months, when humidity is low and heaters force hot, dry air into enclosed rooms.
If your skin is very dry, take a warm bath for about 10-20 minutes. Avoid using soap or other drying products. When you get out of the tub, barely pat your body dry, then rub mineral oil (found at most supermarkets and drugstores) or a non-perfumed, non-alcohol cream or ointment all over your skin. Pat your skin dry again. The oil or cream helps to lock in healing moisture, keeping skin supple and soft.
3. Oily Skin Care
Oily skin is acne-prone skin with open pores, a shiny complexion, blackheads, and pimples. Because hormones affect oil production, anything that affects your hormone levels may influence your skin. Some experts believe that stress, such as from exams or not getting enough sleep, may trigger outbreaks of acne. Many teens know that acne in itself creates added stress!
To keep oily skin clean, wash your face twice to three times a day with plain soap and water. If you need to cleanse your face at school, use an over-the-counter cleansing pad (containing benzoyl peroxide, sulfur or salicylic acid) to help dissolve oil and removes excess dirt from the skin surface. If you have pimples, never pop or squeeze them, which can spread the inflammation, worsen acne, and even cause scarring.
Use cosmetics and other facial products that are "noncomedogenic," meaning they do not clog pores. Keep your hair off your face, and wash your hair daily to reduce oil. While it may seem illogical, using a light lotion on your skin wil help it better tolerate the drying effect of acne medications.
4. Normal/Combination Skin Care
With normal/combination skin, you might have an oily "T-Zone" (forehead, nose, and chin) and dry skin elsewhere. The pores on your face are large, and the skin tends to have blackheads.
Normal/combination skin can be either overly dry or excessively oily, while cheeks may appear rough. Depending on the time of year, the oiliness and dryness can change, too. The skin is usually drier when the weather is cold.
If you have normal/combination skin, wash your face two or three times a day with plain soap and water to remove the excess oil. Moisturize dry areas with a regular lotion and the oily areas with a light lotion.